The territory of Central Kazakhstan extends across the Karaganda region. Here is located one of the largest lakes in the world - Balkhash Lake, unique Karkaraly mountain-forest oasis, and picturesque Ulytau mountains.
Many archaeological and ethnographic objects have been preserved in the region. Recent archaeological excavations indicate that Saryarka steppes were included in the trade and cultural sphere of the Great Silk Road.
From the picturesque granite mountains of Karkaraly, Kent, Kyzylray in the east to Tengiz Lake and the Ulytau mountains in the west, from the Ishim river in the north to the Betpak-Dala desert, a wide steppe stretches in the south, whose name is Saryarka, which means "yellow ridge".
Nature generously endowed this land. Its bowels are rich in minerals. In the expanses of Saryarka, in addition to Lake Tengiz, there live more than two hundred lakes where cranes, swans, herons, ducks, geese.
Karkaraly state national park
The name of the Karkaraly mountains comes from the name of the national headdress of Kazakh girls - Karkara, skillfully embroidered with beads, beads, silk, decorated with velvet, brocade and crowned with an owl feather sultan.
The height of the Karkaraly mountains is relatively small: the highest point is the three-headed Komsomol peak - 1403 m above sea level. The mountains are covered with pine and birch forest, various grassy vegetation.
Lake Karasor (or Tuzdykol) has an area of about 250 square kilometers. About ten small rivers drain into it. The lake is rich in fish. The salt content in the waters of Karasor is more than in usual seas. There are healing mud on its shore.
The largest drainage water body after the Caspian and Aral seas. The phenomenon of Balkhash consists in different mineralization of its western and eastern parts connected by a narrow strait. The western part receives water from the previously high-water river Ili, which is fresh, while eastern part is brackish.
The nature of Balkhash is amazing and full of contrasts. The fauna includes carp, grass carp, thorn, barbel, trout, marinka, asp, bream, catfish and others. 8-10 thousand tons of fish are harvested annually in the lake.
The Balkhash marinka and Balkhash perch are listed in the International Red Book. Only here survived the spike extinct in the Aral Sea and the Aral barbel.
Mountain range Bektauata
The Bektauat mountain range is small in area (4000 hectares), but it contains an unusual variety of bizarre rocks, thorny gorges. In clear weather, it can be seen over a hundred kilometers, so it is not for nothing that it is called the lighthouse of Balkhash.
Daylight penetrates far into its caves, and therefore cavers call them "grottoes" or "crystal cellars." This is a peculiar portal, rare in beauty: the entrance to the cave is located on the site among steep cliffs.
The processes of weathering for thousands of years have destroyed granites, giving rock formations the most fantastic forms. They are called - "Mushroom", "Chest", "Turtle", "Three-tooth." One of the arrays is called "Sarykuldzha" - Yellow argali.
Ancient monuments and barrows
Many of them are still preserved and probably hide the secrets of life that raged in these parts. 88 archaeological sites accepted under state protection. Among them are the Aktasty mound, the Dermen site, the Aydagarli cave and the Klysh mound), a group of mounds near the Karasu wintering camp and Ken Dara gorge, the Dongal site and others.
Cities of Central Kazakhstan
Karaganda, Zhezgazgan, Balkhash.