East Kazakhstan is located at the junction of the borders of China, Mongolia, and Russia. Most of the territory is occupied by the mountain systems of the Rudnyi and Southern Altai, Kalba, Saur-Tarbagatay. The height of the mountains is from 800 to 1500 m, in the extreme east of Altai - up to 3000-4000 m (Belukha, 4506 m)
The main rivers are the Irtysh and its large tributaries - Uba, Ulba, and Bukhtarma rivers. The largest lakes are Markakol, Zaysan, Rakhmanovskoye, Sasykkol, Alakol, and Maralie.
The climate is sharply continental, with large daily and annual amplitudes of air temperature.
Mountains of East Kazakhstan
Mount Belukha with a snow-white peak (4506 m) is the highest in Siberia and Altai. This is the realm of snow, ice, rumbling avalanches and sparkling waterfalls.
Mountain Berkutaul (Dwelling of the Eagle) is close to it, its height is 3.373 m. Berkutaul is the second most popular peak in Southern Altai, after Belukha
The wildlife of the reserve is rich and diverse. Brown bears, moose, foxes, lynxes, red deer (Siberian deer), wolverine, sable, ermine, the rarest red wolf, falcon, black grouse, black stork, silver gull and many others live in the forests.
The picturesque rocky ledges of the mountains are covered mainly with larch, less often - fir forest. Subalpine meadows are rich in flowers, rare medicinal plants (golden and maral root, stick-like penny, frangipani and others).
The pearl of the Markakol National Reserve is called Markakol Lake, which lies in a hollow. The lake is 38 km long, 19 km wide and 27 m deep. It is fed by 27 rivers and streams, but only the Kalzhir River flows from the lake. Markakol's water is fresh and very soft, its main wealth is the Uskuch fish from the salmon family.
The underground rivers of these places contain healing radon - decay product of radioactive elements contained in very rare granite minerals.
Thermal waters are used to treat diseases of the joints, spine, nervous system and skin.
Alakol Lake is located on the northeastern edge of the Dzungarian Alatau, it is rich in healing mud and mineral salts. The water of the lake is very clear, clean, sometimes it is turquoise on a clear morning, then azure at the end of the day. The swimming season lasts about 4 months.
Flock of flamingos stands out majestically on the Bird Island of the lake; more than 40 species of birds live here: relict gulls, pink pelican, bustard, etc. The unique wealth of Alakol is under state protection.
Kiin Kerish (Proud Beauty) is a natural aeolian city, also is called the “City of Spirits”. It is folded with tertiary clays, unimaginable beauty and originality corner with unique red, white and orange structures.
The main treasure of Kiin-Kerish is small layers of clay and sand with imprints of vegetation from the distant tropical past of these places (palm trees, magnolias, araucaria, ginkgo and others) and remains of fossil vertebrates (rhinos, crocodiles, turtles and salamanders).
The emerald Bukhtarma Lake is known for its picturesque views and its fish. Many rivers and springs escaping from the mountain ledges flow into the lake, forming beautiful waterfalls here and only the Shandage-Bulak River flows from the lake.
Mausoleum of Kozy Korpesha and Bayan Sulu
One of the most interesting historical monuments located on the banks of the Ayaguz river is Mazar Kozy Korpesh and Bayan Sulu. (X - XI centuries), this story is a symbol of eternal love between a boy and a girl, Kazakh Romeo and Juliet.
Cities of East Kazakhstan
Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semipalatinsk, Taldy-Kurgan.